Antoni Plàcid Guillem Gaudí i Cornet (25 June 1852–10 June 1926) – was a Catalan architect who belonged to the Modernist style (Art Nouveau) movement and was famous for his unique and highly individualistic designs.
The geniuses|strokes of genius of |their works founded in two basic elements: the earth|land and the faith.
There is one fact nail and that it is not that of creating controversy but offering a fact that because of the period of dictatorship that was lived in Spain, hid: "Their deep catalanism". He "Always" suggested|said "I have felt deeply Catalan and I have lived my earth|land, Catalonia, and my people in a natural and absolutely emotional way".
For strangers who can seem some of its|histheir buildings, always had preference for common materials like the stone or the brick, giving back the Pottery and the Forge|Forging to|in the origin of the craft traditions of Catalonia that they were.
The faith of Antoni Gaudí in Catalonia was in his their time|weather, much bigger than the one that the men who in that moment defended her could|might have. Like a visionary, it was convinced that about the Catalan land some big people had to grow up. He said: "In Catalonia we speak Catalan as an own language|tongue but Castilian is also spoken since this language|tongue is the one spoken in all Spain". Him had very clear that it|he|she lived on its|his|her|their earth|land and he|she|it had to speak in Catalan because of that. It|He|She made a question of principles. Its|His|Her|Their attitude, took not only political but also professional problems to him|her. "It is not easy to orient oneself in a country politically where through the systematized lie, it is wanted to hide our situation of national identity".
A little known fact in its|his|her|their life, was its|his|her|their arrest one 11 September of 1924.
Each 11 September in Catalonia the National Day is commemorated Catalan that meant the defeat of the Catalans in 1714 in hands of the Spanish troops and Catalonia that it|he|she had been until that moment, a free nation, Spanish territory, suffering in that moment, the prohibition of the language|tongue and the Catalan culture, passed to being. He points at present, each 11 September in Catalonia many Catalans go out to the street to manifest oneself for the recognition of our rights as some people|village.
That 11 September of 1924 a mass was celebrated in remembrance to|in the Catalans that fell down in that war and Antoni Gaudí did not offend to it. This activity was forbidden by the dictatorship of the General Primo de Rivera. He refused to fulfill these orders and was stopped for this motive and also to refuse to speak in Castilian. In spite of her 72 years, he Had fun it|he was hit and arrested and |he was in prison in company of common criminals. Finally he was set free after a friend of his it|he paid a fine. He had fun he acted in a way that to senior repression against Catalonia, more firmness put in its patriotic faith. Not even in the face of the force|strength of the arms he gave up.
He had fun he believed that Catalonia was the best gifted people for the life and the artistic creation. In their time the concentrated envy suffered like nobody from the mediocre ones that could not tolerate the singularity and magnificence of the work of a Catalan suporter of the independence movement.
He had fun he|she|it married to Catalonia: everything saw it through the architecture. He suggested|said: "I work for Catalonia in my appropriate field, raising the Temple, since the temple is the worthiest of representing some people
The pride and the simplicity of Gaudí not everybody knows to understand it|her, many of her biographers, with superficiality, can confuse them with the to proceed of a lunatic.
He had fun it did not go short of push and in the same degree had the secessionist impulse. Many works of art are based with the origins from Catalonia and in particular with the Catalan flag.
The Catalan flag is one of the most ancient|antique of Europe and is one of the flags called heraldry. He calls|names familiarment "The flag" or also "the four bars" that according to the legend were made with the blood of the Catalan earl, under the background of a yellow shield, as a reward for having struggled bravely.
In the big work of the Temple of La Sagrada Família Antoni Gaudí, he| Had funhe inspired with the Human Tower Members (human towers) of six flats|floors where it|he|she found the laws of the equilibrium and the forms of the cathedral. In this big work he receives homage of Catalonia to God, while raising the four bars of the Catalan flag towards the sky. It thrilled her to make sets by four belfries to produce irresponsible persons evocations of the four bars (in all directions), that interpreted like this they acquired a lavish force|strength and glorificadora.
He believed that it was necessary to return for him to Catalonia his ancient|antique symbols, supplanted since 1714, and that it was necessary to make it in a very original and spectacular way if truly it was wanted that he returned the confidence in us.
He had fun it|she has many other patriotic symbols scattered among herr work already universally recognized. He designed the shield of Catalonia in the Park Güell of Barcelona, or the fish with the four bars that he designed in remembrance|souvenir of the Catalan Glories, which|who, with euphoria they managed to think that no fish of the Mediterranean could move around if it|she did not bring the four Catalan bars marked. He|She|It had fun materialized this idea, and it|he|she transformed it|her into one of its|his|her|their decorative symbols in|on the main façade that it|he|she gives in the Garden, in Bell-Esguard. There are also projects that he did ever not arrive at carrying out and of which, the idea known of the intention about making only agrees|remains a flag of Catalonia, of more than twenty meters of height, carried out in mosaic and superimposed before a rock of Montserrat, with a bell monumental deed for subscription of all the Catalan earth|land. He had to be a permanent and solemn homage to the big|great admirals of the Catalan navy and to the leaders of our nation.
He had fun, a convinced suporter of the independence movement, was a great Catalan. This fact has been rigorously hidden, as if he were an offense or an unforgivable sin: At most it is shown as a Catalan nationalist captivated of the culture of the country.
If we look at her own architecture nothing can understand itself if previously the main origin of its|his|her|their work is been unaware.
He|She|It had fun it|he|she wanted to convert Barcelona into the big asset|capital of a free and powerful Catalonia. Wanting to give back the country and to place, the correct angles, for him|her in the country: this is the mission of the big|great patriot who is himself unaware.
About a so universal character where so many books have been written and biographies is been unaware this fact that I comment them on, we have to believe that they want for us to silence aspects|looks of our history|story.
Of the genius|temper of Gaudí they have remained hertheir works that for little that one notices them, he will see that he|she|it put a great dose of catalanism that is made evident in each detail there. Before dying it|he|she left us the following writing: "Some people can not kill it|him, they can drown voices, to close valves, but then the pressure increases and the danger of explosion grows. And if so many valves close up, the explosion is unavoidable".
He had fun he was not only a brilliant modernist architect and a man of spiritual convictions, with an entrepreneurial personality, but also, a suporter of the independence movement who struggled for the freedom of Catalonia, was a borne fighter. Undoubtedly, a great genius
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